Thyroid: Conditions | Symptoms | Treatment

Note: You should never start any thyroid treatment without consulting your doctor.

Thyroid: The thyroid is basically a gland that is present at the front of the neck just below the larynx.

Role of thyroid gland in body: The thyroid gland helps to regulate our body’s metabolism. It usually produces and releases two major hormones in the body which are (T4) thyroxine, and (T3) triiodothyronine.

These two hormone helps to regulate many essential body functions such as:

  • Bodyweight
  • Heart rate
  • CNS( central nervous system)
  • Breathing
  • Body temperature

Conditions related to the thyroid gland

Thyroiditis: it is the condition in which inflammation of the thyroid gland occurs. It may be due to viral infections or autoimmune diseases.

Hypothyroidism: It is a condition when the thyroid gland produces less thyroid hormone than the required quantity. This is mainly due to the damage to the thyroid gland caused by autoimmune disease.

Hyperthyroidism: It is the opposite of hypothyroidism. In this condition, the thyroid gland produces more thyroid hormone than the required quantity. it is mainly caused by grave’s disease, a disorder that attacks the thyroid gland and makes it produce more hormone than the body needs.

Goiter: It is an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. this is usually painless, a large goiter can cause cough and cause difficulty in swallowing and even breathing.

The most common condition related to thyroid hormone is hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. so let’s take a deep brief about both of the conditions.


It is a condition in which the thyroid gland fails to produce the required quantity of thyroid hormone that the body needs to function.

In the early stages, the symptoms of hypothyroidism are unnoticeable. Untreated hypothyroidism can cause many health problems such as weight gain, joint pain, and heart diseases.

At first, You may only notice weight gain or fatigue.

Hypothyroidism symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Weight gain
  • Puffy face
  • Muscle weakness
  • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods
  • Thinning hair
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Depression

Treatment of hypothyroidism

The body needs the required amount of thyroid hormone to function well. so you just need the proper amount of thyroid hormone to treat this condition.

The standard treatment of hypothyroidism is the daily use of levothyroxine sodium, (a thyroid hormone). This oral medicine restores the hormone levels and helps in reversing the sign and symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Note: Always consult your doctor while starting any hypothyroidism treatment, because the dose of this medication varies with the person.

Can Hypothyroidism be treated naturally?

Yes. you may control hypothyroidism naturally in some ways:

  • Supplements like calcium, probiotics, and iodine may help to treat hypothyroidism
  • Reduce daily stress
  • Get enough sleep
  • Increase protein intake


In this condition, the Thyroid gland produces more thyroid hormone than the required quantity.

This condition usually accelerates the body’s metabolism and causes weight loss or irregular heartbeat.

It can cause a variety of signs and symptoms including:

  • Weight loss
  • Increased heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Increased appetite
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Skin thinning
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep problem

Treatment of hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism can be cured permanently

The Standard treatment of hyperthyroidism is done by giving anti-thyroid medications. Many anti-thyroid medicines act differently to control the overproduction of the thyroid hormone.

When you should see doctor

doctor, female

If you are experiencing sudden weight loss, rapid and irregular heartbeat, sweating, and other sign and symptoms related to hyperthyroidism. it is important to fully describe the changes that you have observed because there are many signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism that are related to many other conditions.

Can hyperthyroidism be cured naturally?

You may control hyperthyroidism by adding and eliminating some foods in your diet.

Foods to avoid:

  • Foods and beverages contain caffeine
  • Soy(Soybean oil, Soy sauce, tofu)
  • Foods containing iodine

Foods to have:

  • Low iodine foods
  • Foods containing iron
  • Foods containing Calcium and vitamin D

Sahil Nasa (B. Pharma)
Sahil Nasa (B. Pharma)

Sahil is the founder of He likes to read books and write blogs.

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